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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
spell



spell [spell spells spelt spelled spelling] verb, noun BrE [spel] NAmE [spel]
verb (spelt, speltBrE [spelt] ; NAmE [spelt] or spelled, spelled)
1. transitive ~ sth to say or write the letters of a word in the correct order
How do you spell your surname?
I thought her name was Catherine, but it's Kathryn spelt with a ‘K’.
2. intransitive, transitive to form words correctly from individual letters
I've never been able to spell.
~ sth + adj. You've spelt my name wrong.
see also misspell
3. transitive ~ sth (of letters of a word)to form words when they are put together in a particular order
C— A— T spells ‘cat’.
4. transitive ~ sth (for sb/sth) to have sth, usually sth bad, as a result; to mean sth, usually sth bad
The crop failure spelt disaster for many farmers.
This defeat spelt the end of his hopes of winning the title again.
5. transitive ~ sb (NAmE, informal)to replace for a short time sb who is doing a particular activity so that they can rest
Carter will be here in an hour to spell you.
Verb forms:

Word Origin:
v. Middle English Old French espeller Germanic ↑spelln. senses 3 to 4 Old English spel(l) ‘narration’ Germanic n. senses 1 to 2 late 16th cent. spele ‘take the place of’ ‘shift of relief workers’

Example Bank:
‘Nevaeh’ is ‘heaven’ spelled backwards/backward.
Do I really have to spell it out for you?
His speech spelled out a clear message to the car industry.
Is ‘necessary’ spelled with one ‘s’, or two?
She spelled out precisely what she wanted.
The article spelled ‘survey’ as ‘servay’.
Derived:spell something out
 
noun
1. countable a short period of time during which sth lasts
a spell of warm weather
a cold/hot/wet/bright, etc. spell
There will be rain at first, with sunny spells later.
She went to the doctor complaining of dizzy spells.
2. countable a period of time doing sth or working somewhere
She had a spell as a singer before becoming an actress.
I spent a brief spell on the Washington Post.
3. countable words that are thought to have magic power or to make a piece of magic work; a piece of magic that happens when sb says these magic words
a magic spell
a book of spells
The wizard recited a spell.
to cast/put a spell on sb
to be under a spell (= affected by magic)
4. singular a quality that a person or thing has that makes them so attractive or interesting that they have a strong influence on you
Syn: charm
I completely fell under her spell.
It was a magic night until the spell was broken.
Since last century the spell of the pyramids has drawn tourists to Egypt.
see weave a spell (over sb) at weave v.

Word Origin:
v. Middle English Old French espeller Germanic ↑spelln. senses 3 to 4 Old English spel(l) ‘narration’ Germanic n. senses 1 to 2 late 16th cent. spele ‘take the place of’ ‘shift of relief workers’

Example Bank:
He's going through a bit of a bad spell at the moment.
She managed to write a letter during a quiet spell at work.
She uttered the magic word, and the spell was broken.
Sleeping Beauty was under a spell when the prince found her.
The audience was completely under his spell.
The children began having dizzy spells from hunger.
The witch cast a spell on them.
This place had woven its spell over them.
Viera ended his barren spell with a goal against Parma.
a spell of sunny weather
the hypnotic spell of the cicadas singing in the trees
I completely fell under her spell.
She went to the doctor complaining of dizzy spells.
Since last century, the spell of the pyramids has drawn tourists to Egypt.
We had a spell of warm weather in April.
a cold/hot/wet/bright spell

 

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