Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary|
1 producing electricity
2 using electricity
other fuels FUEL, COAL, GAS, NUCLEAR, OIL
1 producing electricity
- a type of energy that provides heat, light, and power to work machines: electricity (noun U)
It's a very powerful motor and uses a lot of electricity. ◎ Don't waste electricity!
- connected with electricity: electrical
an electrical engineer
- a place where electricity is produced: power station
- a machine that uses fuel or other kinds of energy to produce electricity: generator
- to produce electricity: generate sth
This new power station will generate enough electricity to meet the needs of much of the south-east of Scotland.
- a unit for measuring the power of electricity: watt (abbreviation W)
a 40-watt light bulb
- a unit for measuring the force of electricity: volt (abbreviation V); the number of volts that sth produces or uses: voltage (noun U)
a 9-volt battery
- the flow of electricity through a wire: current; a unit for measuring this: amp
an electric current ◎ a 13-amp fuse
- a device that provides electricity for a radio, torch, car, etc: battery
I need a new battery for my watch ◎ a car/radio/torch battery
- a car battery that has no more power is flat; a battery for a radio, etc that has no more power is dead
I couldn't start the car this morning, because the battery was flat.
- a battery which is losing power is running down
'What's wrong with this torch?' 'I think the batteries are running down.'
- a battery that you can use again is rechargeable
- when a rechargeable battery stops working, you have to recharge it
- a thing you use to recharge a battery: (battery) charger
2 using electricity
- using electricity: electric
an electric light/heater/blanket/cooker
- using electricity or connected with electricity: electrical
Note: we use electric for specific machines that use electricity
an electric shaver/motor; we use electrical in a more general sense
electrical equipment ◎ electrical goods.
- a device that allows you to turn an appliance on or off: switch
- if you want to use sth which is electrical, you put* it on, turn it on, switch it on
It's dark in here, can you put the light on, please? ◎ Turn on the radio.
- if you want to stop using sth, you turn it off, switch it off
Can you switch off the cooker for me, please? ◎ Turn the telly off before you go to bed.
- to put off a light: turn sth out, put* sth out
She turned out the light/turned the light out.
- a hole in a wall where you can connect sth to the electricity supply: socket, power point
- a plastic or rubber object with two or three metal pins, that is put into a socket to allow electricity to pass into an appliance: plug
- to put sth into a socket: plug sth in; to take sth out of the socket: unplug sth, take* the plug out
It's obvious why it's not working; it's not plugged in! ◎ Please unplug the computer when you've finished with it.
- a device that allows you to put more than one plug into the same socket or to use different kinds of plug: adaptor
- if you have to use equipment far away from a socket, you need an extension lead
- wire covered with plastic that carries electricity: wire (noun C/U)
- a wire that connects an appliance to its plug: flex
- the plastic tube that protects the wire: insulation (noun U)
- to connect the flex to a plug: wire a plug
- the system of wires in a building: wiring (noun U)
- a thin wire or a part of a plug that protects electrical equipment from a voltage that is too high: fuse
- when a piece of equipment stops working because a fuse has melted, it fuses, blows* a fuse; to cause a piece of equipment to do this: fuse sth
All of a sudden the lights fused and we were plunged into darkness. ◎ I think I must have fused the lights.
- the quantity of electricity that you use is measured with a meter
- a person who comes to check how much electricity you have used: meter reader
- a piece of paper that tells you how much electricity you have used and how much it costs: electricity bill
- a company that supplies electricity: electricity company
- when the electricity company decides to stop the supply of electricity, they cut* off the electricity
- when your house receives no electricity for a short time, there is a power cut, the electricity goes* off
- when the electricity returns, it comes* back on
'The light's gone off!' 'I expect there's been a power cut. It'll probably come back on in a little while.'
- a person who puts the wiring or electrical appliances into a building or does repairs: electrician
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- a large metal structure that holds the power line: (electricity) pylon
- electricity generated by water: hydroelectricity (noun U); adjective: hydroelectric
- a generator which uses the energy of the sun: solar panel
- a wire that carries electricity is live
Be careful not to touch the live wire!
- a wire that makes an appliance safer by connecting it to the ground: earth (AmE ground)
- the effect on your body when some electricity goes through it: (electric) shock
Don't touch that wire - you'll get a shock.
- to be killed by electricity: be electrocuted
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