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Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary
break down


verb
1. make ineffective (Freq. 3)
- Martin Luther King tried to break down racial discrimination
Syn:
crush
Derivationally related forms:
breakdown
Hypernyms:
change, alter, modify
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
2. make a mathematical, chemical, or grammatical analysis of;
break down into components or essential features (Freq. 3)
- analyze a specimen
- analyze a sentence
- analyze a chemical compound
Syn:
analyze, analyse, dissect, take apart
Ant:
synthesize (for: analyze)
Derivationally related forms:
dissection (for: dissect), breakdown, analyser (for: analyse), analyst (for: analyze), analyzer (for: analyze)
Hyponyms:
parse, botanize, botanise
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
3. lose control of one's emotions (Freq. 2)
- When she heard that she had not passed the exam, she lost it completely
- When her baby died, she snapped
Syn:
lose it, snap
Derivationally related forms:
breakdown
Hypernyms:
act, behave, do
Hyponyms:
dissolve, die, fall apart, go to pieces
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Sam and Sue break down
4. stop operating or functioning (Freq. 2)
- The engine finally went
- The car died on the road
- The bus we travelled in broke down on the way to town
- The coffee maker broke
- The engine failed on the way to town
- her eyesight went after the accident
Syn:
fail, go bad, give way, die, give out,
conk out, go, break
Derivationally related forms:
breakdown, breakable (for: break), failure (for: fail)
Hypernyms:
change
Hyponyms:
crash, go down, blow out, burn out, blow,
misfire, malfunction, misfunction
Verb Group:
die, decease, perish, go, exit,
pass away, expire, pass, kick the bucket, cash in one's chips, buy the farm,
conk, give-up the ghost, drop dead, pop off, choke, croak,
snuff it, break
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- These cars won't break down
5. fall apart (Freq. 1)
- the building crumbled after the explosion
- Negotiations broke down
Syn:
crumble, crumple, tumble, collapse
Hypernyms:
change integrity
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
6. cause to fall or collapse
Hypernyms:
break, bust
Cause:
crumble, crumple, tumble, collapse
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
- They want to break down the doors
7. separate (substances) into constituent elements or parts
Syn:
decompose, break up
Derivationally related forms:
decomposition (for: decompose)
Topics:
chemistry, chemical science
Hypernyms:
separate
Hyponyms:
digest, dissociate, crack
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
8. collapse due to fatigue, an illness, or a sudden attack
Syn:
collapse
Derivationally related forms:
collapse (for: collapse), breakdown
Hypernyms:
suffer, sustain, have, get
Hyponyms:
drop like flies, fall over, go over
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Sam and Sue break down


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