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Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary
choke



I - noun
1. a coil of low resistance and high inductance used in electrical circuits to pass direct current and attenuate alternating current
Syn:
choke coil, choking coil
Hypernyms:
coil
Part Holonyms:
circuit, electrical circuit, electric circuit
2. a valve that controls the flow of air into the carburetor of a gasoline engine
Hypernyms:
valve
Hyponyms:
automatic choke
Part Holonyms:
fuel system

II - verb
1. breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion (Freq. 8)
- She choked with emotion when she spoke about her deceased husband
Derivationally related forms:
choking
Hypernyms:
breathe, take a breath, respire, suspire
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
2. be too tight;
rub or press (Freq. 2)
- This neckband is choking the cat
Syn:
gag, fret
Derivationally related forms:
choker
Hypernyms:
compress, constrict, squeeze, compact, contract, press
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
3. wring the neck of (Freq. 1)
- The man choked his opponent
Syn:
scrag
Derivationally related forms:
scrag (for: scrag), choker, choking
Hypernyms:
compress, constrict, squeeze, compact, contract, press
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
4. constrict (someone's) throat and keep from breathing (Freq. 1)
Syn:
strangle
Derivationally related forms:
strangulation (for: strangle), choking
Hypernyms:
compress, constrict, squeeze, compact, contract, press
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
5. struggle for breath;
have insufficient oxygen intake (Freq. 1)
- he swallowed a fishbone and gagged
Syn:
gag, strangle, suffocate
Derivationally related forms:
suffocative (for: suffocate), suffocation (for: suffocate), choking
Hypernyms:
suffer, hurt
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s on something
- Somebody ----s PP
6. fail to perform adequately due to tension or agitation
- The team should have won hands down but choked, disappointing the coach and the audience
Derivationally related forms:
choker
Hypernyms:
fail, neglect
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
7. check or slow down the action or effect of
- She choked her anger
Hypernyms:
inhibit, bottle up, suppress
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
8. impair the respiration of or obstruct the air passage of
- The foul air was slowly suffocating the children
Syn:
suffocate, stifle, asphyxiate
Derivationally related forms:
choking, asphyxiation (for: asphyxiate), asphyxia (for: asphyxiate), suffocative (for: suffocate), suffocation (for: suffocate)
Hypernyms:
obstruct, obturate, impede, occlude, jam,
block, close up
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
9. become stultified, suppressed, or stifled
- He is suffocating--living at home with his aged parents in the small village
Syn:
suffocate
Hypernyms:
become, turn
Verb Group:
suffocate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
10. suppress the development, creativity, or imagination of
- His job suffocated him
Syn:
suffocate
Hypernyms:
stifle, dampen
Verb Group:
suffocate
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
11. pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life
- She died from cancer
- The children perished in the fire
- The patient went peacefully
- The old guy kicked the bucket at the age of 102
Syn:
die, decease, perish, go, exit,
pass away, expire, pass, kick the bucket, cash in one's chips, buy the farm,
conk, give-up the ghost, drop dead, pop off, croak, snuff it
Ant:
be born (for: die)
See Also:
die out (for: die), die off (for: die), die down (for: die)
Derivationally related forms:
passing (for: pass), expiration (for: expire), exit (for: exit), going (for: go), decedent (for: decease), decease (for: decease), death (for: die), Death (for: die)
Hypernyms:
change state, turn
Hyponyms:
abort, suffocate, stifle, asphyxiate, buy it,
pip out, drown, predecease, starve, famish, fall,
succumb, yield
Verb Group:
die, fail, go bad, give way, give out,
conk out, go, break, break down
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
12. become or cause to become obstructed
- The leaves clog our drains in the Fall
- The water pipe is backed up
Syn:
clog, choke off, clog up, back up, congest, foul
Ant:
unclog (for: clog)
Derivationally related forms:
congestive (for: congest), congestion (for: congest), backup (for: back up), clog (for: clog)
Hypernyms:
obstruct, obturate, impede, occlude, jam,
block, close up
Hyponyms:
gum up, crap up, stuff, lug, choke up,
block, silt up, silt
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
13. reduce the air supply
- choke a carburetor
Syn:
throttle
Derivationally related forms:
throttle (for: throttle)
Hypernyms:
enrich
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
14. cause to retch or choke
Syn:
gag
Hypernyms:
sicken
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s somebody

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