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Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary
affect



I - noun
the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion (Freq. 1)
Derivationally related forms:
affectional
Hypernyms:
feeling

II - verb
1. have an effect upon (Freq. 43)
- Will the new rules affect me?
Syn:
impact, bear upon, bear on, touch on, touch
Derivationally related forms:
impact (for: impact)
Hypernyms:
change, alter, modify
Hyponyms:
strike a blow, repercuss, tell on, redound, stimulate,
excite, process, treat, hydrolize, hydrolise, tinge,
color, colour, distort, queer, expose, scupper,
endanger, peril, hit, strike, subject, trouble,
put out, inconvenience, disoblige, discommode, incommode, bother,
influence, act upon, work, slam-dunk
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
2. act physically on;
have an effect upon (Freq. 11)
- the medicine affects my heart rate
Hypernyms:
change, alter, modify
Hyponyms:
attack, ulcerate, sedate, calm, tranquilize,
tranquillize, tranquillise, stimulate, arouse, brace, energize,
energise, perk up, tense, strain, tense up, relax,
unstrain, unlax, loosen up, unwind, make relaxed, cramp,
jaundice, register, intoxicate, soak, inebriate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
3. connect closely and often incriminatingly (Freq. 4)
- This new ruling affects your business
Syn:
involve, regard
Derivationally related forms:
regard (for: regard), involvement (for: involve)
Hypernyms:
refer, pertain, relate, concern, come to,
bear on, touch, touch on, have-to doe with
Hyponyms:
implicate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
4. make believe with the intent to deceive (Freq. 4)
- He feigned that he was ill
- He shammed a headache
Syn:
feign, sham, pretend, dissemble
Derivationally related forms:
dissembler (for: dissemble), dissembling (for: dissemble), pretender (for: pretend), pretense (for: pretend), pretending (for: pretend), sham (for: sham), shammer (for: sham), feigning (for: feign)
Hypernyms:
misrepresent, belie
Hyponyms:
play possum, take a dive, talk through one's hat, bullshit, bull,
fake, mouth
Verb Group:
make, pretend, make believe
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s that CLAUSE
- Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE
5. have an emotional or cognitive impact upon
- This child impressed me as unusually mature
- This behavior struck me as odd
Syn:
impress, move, strike
Derivationally related forms:
impressible (for: impress), impressive (for: impress), affective
Hyponyms:
infect, surprise, impress, ingrain, instill,
awaken, engrave, strike dumb, zap, jar, hit home,
strike home, strike a chord, strike a note, smite, cloud, pierce,
sweep away, sweep off, disturb, upset, trouble, touch,
stir, move, sadden, alienate
Verb Group:
hit, strike, come to, motivate, actuate,
propel, move, prompt, incite
Cause:
feel, experience
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s somebody
- The bad news will affect him
- The good news will affect her

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